Even as a die-hard science geek, molecular biologist Melanie Peffer found her science classes painfully boring. It wasn’t until she started engaging in authentic scientific inquiry in real-world labs that she realized science is actually nothing like what she learned in school.
Real-world science is dynamic, she discovered. It’s messy. And above all, it’s a verb — something you do.
Yet too many students have come to view science as a noun, or something they can passively learn about by listening to the teacher, following the lab recipe or reading a textbook.
Experts agree that authentic STEM learning experiences are the key to engaging students in science while teaching them critical skills like scientific reasoning. But delivering these types of experiences can be tough for teachers, who may not have the time or support to partner with scientists or design real-world projects from scratch.
Fortunately, the growing citizen science movement makes it easier than ever to get students involved in real-world scientific inquiry.
Wanted: Students to help advance scientific discovery!
As scientists struggle to analyze the mounds of data they’ve collected on everything from the Earth’s biosphere to distant galaxies, they’re increasingly calling on the public for help. Everyday citizens can now participate in thousands of real-world science projects by observing the world around them, collecting data on their smartphones or scouring digital images for interesting phenomena. It’s something anyone can do — including students.
“Citizen science is a great way to teach authentic, real-world science — and to address the science practices of the Next Generation Science Standards,” says Jill Nugent, associate dean of STEM science at Southern New Hampshire University. “There’s that light bulb that goes off when they find out science isn’t just in a textbook, and scientists don’t know everything there is to know.”
When students engage in citizen science, they get to collaborate with professional scientists on real-world projects while getting an inside look at how science really works. And the best part is, these projects are easy to find and often simple to implement in the classroom. Here are some resources for getting started:
When astronomers asked the public to help spot space warps, or gravitational lenses that magnify distant galaxies, the response far exceeded their expectations. Discover the impact students can have — and the exciting discoveries they can help make — when they collaborate with real-world scientists.
Ready to bring citizen science into the classroom? SciStarter makes it easy to get started. This searchable database of more than 1,500 vetted citizen science projects helps connect teachers with projects that align with their learning objectives. Search by location, subject, age range and type of activity to find a project that meets your needs.
Could one of your students be the first to discover Planet 9, the hidden planet scientists believe might be lurking at the edge of our solar system? NASA scientists need eyeballs to scour images of space for brown dwarfs and other anomalies in Earth’s backyard. Find out how your classroom can join the hunt for the elusive Planet 9.
Engage kids in STEM by turning one of their natural pastimes into a real-world science activity. With NASA’s GLOBE Observer program, cloud gazing becomes an opportunity to collect observational data that helps scientists better understand the Earth’s climate. Students can add observations about the clouds they spot, or mine the scientific data for their own classroom projects.
To help improve the ability to forecast awe-inspiring auroras, NASA launched Aurorasaurus, a citizen science project that asks sky-gazers to report aurora sightings and uses the data to create a real-time map of space weather activity. The site then notifies users when the northern lights are likely to be visible in their area. “What we wanted to do with this project was create a network where people could increase their chances of seeing the aurora and also contribute by letting us know whether they are successful," said NASA space physicist Liz MacDonald. "In the process, we’re building better predictive models about the visibility of auroras."
For teachers who are struggling to deliver the types of real-world science experiences today’s learning standards demand, citizen science can provide an easy entry point. Not only do students get to see science as something they can do rather than simply learn about, but they also get to make real and valuable contributions to our growing body of knowledge about the world.
Nicole Krueger is a freelance writer and journalist with a passion for finding out what makes learners tick.