Speaking at an elementary school in Washington, D.C., on Jan. 12, U.S.
Education Secretary Arne Duncan kicked off a flurry of activity around the
reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Schools Act by declaring the
need to refresh the law, formerly known as No Child Left Behind (NCLB).
“I believe we can work together – Democrats and Republicans – to move beyond
the tired, prescriptive No Child Left Behind law,” he said. “I believe we can
replace it with a law that recognizes that schools need more support – more
money – than they receive today.”
Duncan went on to underline the Obama administration’s priorities, including
the need for the federal government to make substantial investments in
education. He called on Congress to fairly allocate federal dollars among all
schools – regardless of location – so that important resources like technology,
instructional materials and safety measures are accessible to all educators,
parents and students.
To help make this happen, he said Obama will include an additional $2.7
billion in his fiscal year 2016 education budget request, which includes $1
billion targeted to underserved schools.
Aside from educational spending, Duncan addressed the hotly debate topic of
testing. NCLB requires that every child be tested yearly in math and reading
from third through eighth grade and once in high school. NCLB’s original stated
goal was that all students, regardless of socioeconomic status, would
demonstrate proficiency levels on those tests. Over time it emerged that 100
percent proficiency in both subjects was not possible, and the Department of
Education granted to most states waivers that removed the penalties for schools
and districts that failed to attain those goals. But the testing requirements
remained, as the administration believed that the tests proved helpful in
identifying individual students and particular groups that failed to achieve
Additionally, student scores on the tests became a component — sometimes the
largest component — of the teacher and principal evaluation systems that the
administration demanded states establish as a condition of receiving NCLB
waivers. With real-world consequences for their members attached to the test
scores, teachers’ unions and administrator groups began to push back against the
testing requirements. Parent groups, for their part, complained that the tests
took away too much learning time and that the focus on passing them drove the
curriculum and limited course options.
Duncan, long a proponent of annual testing, reiterated its importance in his
speech by stating he believes “parents, teachers and students have both the
right and the need to know how much progress all students are making each year
toward college- and career-readiness.”
Patty Murray (D-Washington) took to the Senate floor the same day to defend
annual testing. She said she would fight hard to preserve annual tests and “work
with states and districts to reduce unnecessary testing, especially by targeting
redundant and low-quality tests.”
She emphasized that “this is an obvious step we need to take — and one that
you won’t find much disagreement on. But … that doesn’t mean we should roll back
standards or accountability for schools to provide a quality education.”
She also called for a more substantial investment to help support struggling
schools across the nation.
Hilary Goldmann is a passionate advocate for ed tech and the senior
director of government relations for ISTE. Follow her on Twitter @hgoldmann.
Image: 01122015 -
Secretary Arne Duncan ESEA Speech at Seaton Elementary (cropped) by departmentofed on